Spelunking in the East Khasi Hills

Join ChaloHoppo in Meghalaya
  • Mawsynram, Meghalaya
  • 3 hours

The Caves of Meghalaya

The formation of caves is an amazing process that takes place overs thousands of years. If one had to go into the details- rainwater creates a mildly acidic solution in the soil when it reacts with the ambient carbon dioxide and other gasses. This acidic water, which may be found as groundwater or as subterranean rivers, dissolves calcite, the main mineral found in limestone, gradually creating vast caverns and intricate cave networks. As of today, over 1700 caves have been discovered in the state of Meghalaya with roughly 1000 of them officially mapped. In this short escape, we take you on a thrilling spelunking experience into the dark caves and geographical curiosities of Mawsynram, one of the wettest places in the world.

spelunking in Krem Mawpun one of the longest sandstone caves of Meghalaya by ChaloHoppo in December 2023
ChaloHoppo exploring the caves of Meghalaya

Feel the temperatures drop the moment you enter a cave and look out for some interesting life that you may spot. Remember it will be dark, but your trusted head lamp (and guide) will help you navigate your way through an adventure inside an ancient limestone cave. Make sure you wear appropriate footwear that can get wet because your adventure will include jumping over small pools of water and might even involve stepping into one. Keep an eye out for the stalactites and stalagmites that one can find in these caves.

Exploring the Split rock

After returning from your caving expedition, an early picnic lunch with homely local food will be arranged. Finally, make your way to a nearby village for a bonus share of adventure as you visit what is called “Split Rock”, a very interest split on a huge mass of rock that was formed as a result of an earthquake a long time back. Explore the split and then end your day with some recreational kayaking and a hot cup of sha sau (black tea).
  • Local experts to guide you through the experiences
  • Guided caving in Krem Mawpun with all necessary gear (helmet, head lamp, caving suit).
  • A visit to Split Rock
  • Kayaking
  • Transport between activities
  • Lunch
  • Tea and refreshments
Gear up, lets go right away!




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    Frequently asked questions

    How to get there?

    • From Shillong- Driving time of 2 hours. Private taxis can be arranged on request.
    • From Guwahati- Driving time of 4 hours. Private taxis can be arranged on request.

    Which cave will we be visiting, and what can we expect to see?

    Visiting Krem Mawpun, a cave in the East Khasi Hills of Meghalaya, is a unique and incredible experience. As you explore the caves, you will be surrounded by majestic and beautiful stalactites and stalagmites, created by the process of water seeping through limestone and carrying dissolved minerals with it. As the minerals build up, they form cone-shaped structures that hang from the ceiling and reach up from the ground. Taking in the natural beauty of these formations can be an awe-inspiring experience.

    What are stalactite and stalagmite formations?

    Stalactites and stalagmites are formations that are created by the process of water seeping through limestone and carrying dissolved minerals with it. Over time, these minerals build up and form the unique structures that are found in caves all around the world.

    Stalactites form when water seeps down from the ceiling of a cave. The water carries with it minerals, which are deposited as the water evaporates. As the minerals build up, they form a cone-shaped structure that hangs from the ceiling.

    Stalagmites form when the minerals in the water are deposited on the ground of the cave. The minerals slowly build up, forming a cone-shaped structure that reaches up from the ground.

    The process of stalactite and stalagmite formation is an interesting example of how nature can create majestic and beautiful structures.

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